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2021-02-28 13:28 йú̿ҵЭ
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ֺ:[ С ] ʱ:2021-01-18 16:46:00 Դ:ƴԿ

 

ú̿ҹԴ,ΪϹԴԴȫ˾޴סδϳʱ, ú̿ҹһԴӦеĵλԸı䡣ҹú̿Ҫǵҵ, Ӷ,ܵ˹ˮ𡢳 ѹȶȻֺв,úȫټսͬʱ,ҹ˿仯Ƽӿ,Ͷ ԴԼ,Ҳúδչ޴Ӱ졣

ſƼĽ,ݡƼ㡢G˹ܵȼõٷչ,ѳΪһֿƼҵҪ㣬һܻúͳʽ,ú,پҵԱ,ȫ Чɫ˻˻ܿɽ,ѾΪú̿ҵתչҪٴ롣20202,ҷչĸίԴֵȣίӡ ڼ úܻչָ2021, ɶͬ͡ģʽܻʾú; 2025,úֺúʵܻ;2035,úʵܻ.úܻѾΪҵƽú̿ҵչҪ

úܻһӵϵͳ,,ҹúܻͨϼӴ߷֡ʽֺ֧ͿƼµ,úܻоӦȡýϴɹڽлҪ

һ,ú̿ኵIJٷչ,Ҫʵ׼ȷЧЭܻͬˡ˿ģʽ,͹϶ȫ ܻ˸Ҫ

ڶ,ú绯̶ܻȵ,ϵͳ,ͳĿϵͳϢϵͳѲܳضԴ칹 ϵͳ֮ĸЧЭͬ,Ҫ ϵͳʵִӦ;

,ҵڶܿɽ ʶ̶Ȳͬ,ûγͳһʶܻ ,úϢµȻ,Ϣܹϵͳ,硢߿໥ ûں,ֿȻʹ˻ LTE G/ G ͨѶ,ܵһ,û ,δʵݸ߶ں,ûв뵽ϵͳ,ҲԼ˿ɽܻӦá

1úܻɵݽ

ú̿ɾ˱ƿɡеɣĿǰܻݽ뷢չڲͬ׶,Ҫ ҪʩҲ֮仯,ú̿ͬɽ׶Ҫʩ仯ͼʾ



ͼ1  ú̿ͬɽ׶Ҫʩ仯

()ƿɽ׶,Ҫúװú ú֧ɿȹصDZú˹װúú,õ֧֧ռ䶥塣ҪͻҩΪҪҪ,ϵ,Ա,ʩǾ﹤̡

()еɽ׶,Ҫһϵеúװ˹п,úۺϻеú,ҪвúΰͻҺѹ֧ܵ,˹,ԱֱӿнųΪɡҪúװ,úװΪҪҪ,Žϴ,ŸáúװĶҪԴڵ,ھ﹤̻,Ҫʩ

()ܻɽ׶,ҪϵͳԶ̿úװ,ʹúʵ˻˻, һԱú½ų,ﵽֵءúԱĿꡣҪҪϵͳװ˲,ϵͳִܸ֪ܿװáݴ硢 ݲɼ洢豸ɴ˹ܵĹܿƽ̨,ܿɡܾ䡢ˮܻͨϵͳװǾеú豸ͻˣ˲ 豸ܽи߲ε滮Ա֧ܻɵҪʩֻ﹤̡,ֻ﹤ DzõϢϵͳ (GIS)ľ﹤,ܻϵͳ,ΪµĻʩ,ܻɽ׶εϵͳзҪá

ú̿ͬɽ׶Ҫʩı仯пԿ,𽥼С,ܻϵͳܵӡڱƿɽ׶, ɽҪ,ڵ1λҪ,Ҫ ȫ⣻ڻеɽ׶,Ѿ˾ӵ2λ,ҪԼúװչļƿ,úװʺͿɿԵ,߲;ܻɽ׶,ҪҪ˱ʱ仯, “˻˻”, ()ҵ ()ҵΣճҵ豸ֵ,ֱɽ ҵٲ뿪ҵ,ɽҪϵͳװɡܻɽ׶,ҪͻúܻĹؼ,ҪҪغͻʩоúܻ,úܻϵͳ

2úܻģ

úܻϵͳ빤ܻϵͳͬ,رǾúڵ²ɿҵ,ڴڹ (˹ըˮ䡢۳ȸֺв)䡢޶ռҵƶ (ɾ濪ɽƽƶ, Ա豸Ҳڲƶ)ص,˺ܶȽֱھӦ,úܻ˼ѡڵֱӦõļ,úӦҪһо뿪úܻϵͳҪú⻷ ,ֿúܻɽ׶θҪغͻʩı仯,ֻ绯ܻĻҪ,úȫܿءӪҵҵۺơΪ,úܻĶƷ,Ϊܿɽ “”ģ, “һϵܻ豸” “һ”“һͼ” “һ׼” “һ” “һ ƽ̨”úȫܿز, “һӪ” “һ”,ɽӪ߹ͿɽƷв𡣴,ܿɽ “”ģ,ڰȫܿزҵӪ߹֮йҵǾ¸ (IDMZȫ),ʵҵ빤İȫ,ҵϵͳ簲ȫˮƽܿ ɽ “”ģͼʾ

ͼ2  ܿɽ“6+1+1”ģ

ܿɽ “”ģͿ˿ɽĽṹ㼶簲ȫҪ,ÿ庬˵¡

() “һϵܻ豸”Ϣɼ ִеҪ, “ɡˡᡢš ͨ”ȿɽȫڵܻ ϵͳܻ豸,ܹϵ ͳɽֻ˵ȡ

()“һ”ں߿߿Լխ似ĿɽԴ칹,ʵϢȫ֪ͨš

() “һͼ”ԿɽϢϵͳ (GIS) Ϊ,ΪܻϵͳӦṩ׼Ŀռ,ʵ ʡ ˮ ͨԼ豸Ȳͬҵڲͬͼ ķֲչʾ

()“һƽ̨”ܿɽʵúȫ Ϣ֪㡢ơִеİȫܿһ廯ƽ̨,ڹиϵͳ豸,ʵֿɽֵءϵͳںϺ͵ȹ

()“һ׼”ָͳһݲɼ׼, ݲɼ淶ݽӿڹ淶,Ҫúڶϵͳݽӿڲͳһݹ淶׼⡣

()“һ”Ҫɽά칹ĸ,ṹݡṹݡǽṹ ,ھͳһݿ,ʵ ͳһ洢,֧ͳһ롢ȫ άݹҵںϡ

()“һӪ”ҪӪ ,˻ڴݵĿɽϸ ,Ա񡢲ɹۡƻ,Ϊʵֿ󾮸ЧӪṩ֧šܻӦõռ,ӪĻƵŲ档

()“һ”ָƽ̨Ŀɽ ˽ƻ,ҪӦڼŹܿءҵЭ ͬܡ

ܿɽ “1”ģ,ڹ໥֧, “֪→→ں →ӻչʾ→→߿”Ļ߼,ҵȫӪڱϵۺϵͳ

3úܻ輼ϵ

úܻݽ뷢չ,ɵһ һϵͳ״̬ĿȫϵͳЭͬ͹ҵƶЭͬˡϢ߶Ƚ֯,ͨŽʽ,ݶԴ칹ϵͳӶ,ܿѶȱ.Ƕʽɱ߼ (PLC)Զϵͳͷֲʽϵͳ (DCS)ԼͳϢϵͳѲ֧Ŵ ֻ绯ܻϵͳ,ʵҵڽνӺЧЭͬϡҪΪǿļϵ֧ϵͳС

Ϣϵͳ CPS (Cyber PhysicalSys tems)֧Ϣ͹ҵںϵۺϼϵڸ¼չ,ڲҵõƹӦáCPS ıǹһϢռռ֮Զ״̬ ֪ʵʱѧߡ׼ִеıջϵ,ԴЧ,ʵԴŻǻ Ӳ硢ƽ̨ĸϵͳCPS ϵͳڶڲ豸ԶЭƶ,رģ ԶеĹ硣CPS ϵͳڲ㼶ڰ˴ͳĿɱ߼ (PLC)ֲʽϵͳ (DCS),֮,ڴģʽ߱ΪЭͨ,߿,ԶƱΪϢģʽ,ΧƱøΪ㷺,ʵ˻ͨ㷺ںϣԽɽϵͳơ˿ļ֧⡣Ϣϵͳ CPSıͼʾ

ͼ3 Ϣϵͳ CPSı

ܿɽ “”ģںCPSϢϵܹ,CPSϵͳĵӦ,ĶΪɽϢϵͳMCPS (Mine Cyber PhysicalSystems)M CPSϵͳ “”еĸɵӲ硢ƽ̨ĴļҪصĸϵͳ,˿ɽԴϢܸ ֪칹ͳһ䡢ϢںϽЭͬƵȹؼ,ʹɽռϢռˡϢҪ໥ӳ䡢ʱ ЧЭͬ,书ܼܹɷΪ֧ںҵͰȫMCPSϵͳܼܹͼʾ

ͼ4  M-CPSϵͳܼܹ

()֧,“һ” “һ” “һ ׼”ΪϢռռںṩ֧š

()ں,“һϵܻ豸”ռ,“һͼ” “һƽ̨”ά,Ϣռ䡣ںʵϢϵͳϵͳӳں,ӶʵֿɽϢܸ֪ߡ ҵԶƺͰȫصȡ

()ҵ, “һӪ” “һ”,Ѵݡ˹ܵһϢú̿ҵĹ,ʵֿɽӪ豸ȫշء̬ŻĹܿء

()ڰȫ,ҪȫЭͬȫ簲ȫȫӦðȫݰȫ ȫȫ

CPSϵͳпչԺչ,ɲ߲㼶չ,ʵֶ˲šʽԴҪصĸЧϡ MCPSϵͳ,ɹԪϵͳϵͳ֮ϵͳ (SOS)SOS չӦ,ֱӦúϵͳ󼶡 żҵMCPSϵͳϵͳҪʵϵͳڵܸ֪;ڿҪʵȫ󾮰ȫܿ;ڼżҪʵӪ߹;ҵҪҵơάβҵܵ,ʵֹҵƶ˵ķ㼶,żڿ,ҵڼż,Χ 󼶽й.㼶չĺ,Ҳ㼶Ļ,MCPSϵͳص㡣MCPSϵͳ㼶ͼʾ

ͼ5  M-CPSϵͳ㼶

4úܻ貽

һһú30~50ϵͳ,ϵͳӴӡҪѧؽܻú,Ӧ “”ģ,ѭ “ơСصͻơȫ”Ľ貽衣

.

“һ” “һͼ”úܻҪ»,úͰȫзҪ.“һ”úҪĻʩ,úܻϵͳЭͬ,Ľ費湤һ,ֱӿʹӪֳɵ, Ҫúص㹹칹,ҪǾ޶ռźŵĴ⡢ijٶȡƶԡ “һ” “˹Ǹ (G/G) խ ”ĶںΪص,ΪܿɽṩЧ Ĵƽ̨ݽӿ,ʵ “һ” ͳһ,Ŀǰҵձڵ “Ϣµ”,ʵֿ󾮸ߴʱӡ߿ɿԵͨҪ׼ɹ˻ΪɽȫĴݴṩ˼֧; (G/G)Ӧ,ɽƶͨšݡƵ,ƶ豸Զ̿;խʵִ͹ƶߴĽ“һ”Ľܹپµ,ݴĿɿ,Ϊúܻ¼ʵĻ“һ” ʩͼʾ

ͼ “һ”ʩ

 “һͼ”ǿɽ﹤̵ֻúǷֲάռĵʵ,ɽ һй̶άռءúԡӶ,˿ɻֻúܻĻúϢϵͳ (GIS)Ϊ “һͼ”,ṩܻɹ̵ȫͼ,ú,ͼɾͼͼͨͼȸ಻ͬͼ㡣ڲͬͼ,ʾͬרҵ,ӶʵúӻɺͿӻչʾ“һͼ”ʩͼʾ

ͼ “һͼ”ʩ

. صͻ

()“һϵܻ豸”ȫֱصϵͳΪص,Ƚ衣úϵͳ,ɡֱӻ,ҲΣҵ,䡢ƿ,ͨ硢ˮǰȫϻ,Ļʩ,˶ “ɡˡᡢšͨ” ȻܻϵͳҪȽصͻ,ʣµĸϵͳɸʵ𲽽롣

() “һƽ̨”Ϊ,ṩ֧šúȫܿһ廯ƽ̨,Ҫɵ,ҲҪɿ,úȫ “”,аȫⶼҪƽ̨Ͻ,ܻĺ,Ҫص㽨衣“һ ƽ̨”ɻ۾¸֧ϵͳصƵϢ,ϵͳʵ޷,ȫͿһƽ̨, ͳһı׼Ͳɼ׼,ùҵϢϵͳ˹ܡݷһܻ,ʵúȫ豸ݲɼԴںϡ̿ơ豸ά߷Ϣƶ Appȹܡúȫܿһ 廯ƽ̨ܹͼʾ

ͼ8  úȫܿһ廯ƽ̨ܹ

() “ȫ簲ȫ”Ϊ,ṩȫĿǰúȫϵͳúҪ, “ϵͳ”Լ “Ԥϵͳ”Ϊ󾮰ȫĽص,Ϣʱ,簲ȫҲ֮,ҪȫͬȵλúҪ谲ȫר,רҵ칫֮,ҵȫ,ʵֿɽϢİȫԡҵӪ㡢ҵȫܿزγԹҵϢȫΪص,ùҵբҵơҵ̬Ƹ֪ȼֶ,ɽʵֹҵϢȫ衣ú̿ҵ簲ȫͼͼ ʾ

ͼ9  ú̿ҵ簲ȫͼ

ڻʩصϵͳɺ,ʵֿ󾮰ȫܻСӦ貢 “һӪ” “һ”,Ӫ߹ܻϵͳɷڷȫ롣ܿɽ “ ”ģ,“һӪ” “һ”ǽ뻥Ĺؼڡڰȫ㽨ɵĻܷáֻϢܻݲӦú,Ƽмֵúܻijڽ׶,Ӧص㿼ǰȫĽ衣


5

1úܻɽ׶Ҫغͻʩ˱ʱ仯,ܻϵͳһҪ,Ļʩ,úܻҪص㿼Ǻͽ衣

2úܻҪ, “ ”ܿɽģ,ں CPS Ϣϵͳ,ΪɽϢϵͳ MCPS “һϵܻ豸” “һ” “һͼ”“һ׼”“һ” “һƽ̨”˿󾮰ȫܿز,“һӪ” “һ”Ӫ߹ͿɽƷвڿ󾮰ȫܿز뾭Ӫ֮벿ҵǾ¸ (IDMZ ȫ),ʵҵ빤İȫ.ܿɽ “ ”ģ԰ȫΪĵĿ󼶡żҵ MCPS ϵͳ

3úܻҪѭơСصͻơȫʵʩ. “һ”“һͼ”ǻ,Ӧн;“һϵܻ豸”еĹؼϵͳԼ “һƽ̨”“ȫ簲ȫ”ǽص;Ҫܻϵͳȫ,γܿɽϵͳ

4úܻú̿ҵչıȻѡ,ĿǴȫܿơֵءԱ “”ú,ȫܿǼֶ,ֵǼ,ԱԸ,ĿǴﵽɫȫЧ

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