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йú̿ҵ70Իͳɾ͸
ֺ:[ С ] ʱ:2019-10-11 10:32:07 Դ:йҵ

йú̿ҵ70Իͳɾ͸

ߣ ǿ

ժҪ

й70ڵȷ쵼£ҹú̿ҵİٷϴ˼𲽣˵ļŬȡСǿ˷츲صı仯ȡ˾Ŀΰɾ͡70Ӽúִǻúú̿Ϲѣʵ˿Խʽչú̿ҵṹȡشչгĸﲻߣúȫȶãú̿Чˮƽ̨סΪԴ֧ͻҵú̿ҵرҹ񾭼õĸٷչ

Abstract

In the 70 years since the founding of New China, under the right leadership of the Party and the government, China''s coal industry has started from a difficult situation. Due to several generations’ hard work and forge ahead, it grow up from small to large, from weak to strong, and has undergone earth-shaking changes and achieved remarkable achievements. Over the past 70 years, coal production has been struggling to overcome difficulties and achieved leapfrog development, the restructuring of the coal industry has made significant progress, the market-oriented reform has been deepened, the quality of economic operation has improved significantly, the coal mine safety production situation has been more stable, and clean and efficient consumption utilization of coal has reached a new level. As an energy pillar and basic industry, the coal industry has effectively guaranteed the rapid development of China''s national economy.

һú̿ΪԴλõԣ֧ҹ񾭼úƽȽϿ췢չ

ҹú̿Ĺңú̿ҹԴҪĹҵԭϡй֮Ȩӹܵ200ദСúΪչú̿ҵܲ3243֡ú̿ҹԴṹռȸߴ95%ϣʵƶйϷչ“֮Դ”1953“һ”ƻʼҹú̿ҵͨϸú󡢽ú󣬵һƻ1957ú1.31ڶ֣1965ȫú̿Ϊ2.32ڶ֣1978ʵ6.18ڶ֡

ĸ↑ҹú̿ҵеϢԶ̶ܻȲ𲽹˽걸ú̿ҵϵú̿ҵҹԴṹеλϹ̡1998ҹԭúﵽ12.5ڶֺ2013ﵽ39.69ڶ֣֮ʼ½2018ﵽ36.8ڶ֣19491147.1%ǰʮǿú̿ҵԭú18.7ڶ֣ռȫ50.82%ڶּú̿ҵﵽ7ң5000ҵﵽ17ңȫúúе̶ѷֱﵽ78.5%60.4%ú̿2017ףҹú̿ԴΪ1.67ڶ֣ԴΪ815.56ڶ֡2018ҹú̿ռѽ59%ú̿ΪԴĵλı䣬ú̿ΪԴýԡ

ú̿ҵṹŻҵжȲߣҵתӿ죬ʼṹȥܡϵͳŲ½׶Ρ

ҹúԶࡢСɢΪصṹ1997ȫúʱ8.2ú30%2008ף13ú̿ú̿ռȫ80%ȫú̿1000ֵú̿ҵﵽ43ң15.01ڶ֣ռȫú̿53.74%“ʮ”ڼ䣬ú̿ҵṹԸĸ̭ۼƴ8.1ڶ֣30úܼٵ2.2ڶڣΪ70.6%ú̿ҵȥתϵͳȥܡṹŲܡ2018ףȫúٵ5800ңĿǰѾ½5700ƽߵ92/ҡԭúƵҵУҵжȼߡɹšɽʡԭúռȫ69.6%ԭúҵ136.7֡

ͬʱҵ沢ƽú̿ҵĸ﷢չӿ졣1998ԭú̿ҵֱú̿ҵ·ʡҵִֿҵƶȿƽ沢ȼӴʡΪĽú̿ţ롢ҵƣú̿ҵжȲߣú̿زӿ֡ڹߵָ£ú̿ҵ沢顢һ廯ʼſҵƷչ201711£ԭ񻪼źԭ缯žǿǿ֡רҵΪԴͶʼţĸ֮˺ľ͹ʻȨ

ú̿ɿƼú̿ʵֹҵеԶϢܻʷԿԽ

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ġú̿ҵɫɽͻƣɽ̬ȡǰδгɾͣú̿Դͳתͷչȡʷͻơ

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塢ú̿гĸķչõ+۵úгЭƲƽú̿ΪԴİȫԡ

йڣú̿ɹͳһ䣬úδ漰ú̿Դֵú̿Ƴüƻƣú̿Ͷʡ䡢ۡ۸ҪؾɹͳһƻӮɹͳһƽ⡣

1978ĸ↑źúۻͶĸ↑źҹú̿ͶʽͶʷչΪᡢҵȻ˵干ͬͶʡ90ʼú̿Դгʹãƽú̿ƶȸĸг󣬹˫Э̵ĶۻȲƽ2002ȡúָۣʵгۣ2004꣬ú۸ƣγɵú۸“˫”2005꣬Ժ̨ġڴٽú̿ҵչȷָȫú̿Ϊ壬гΪ䣬缼Ϊƽ̨۵أгɽ׵ִú̿ϵ2012Ժӡúгĸָȡصúͬʵֵú۸񲢹졣2017꣬ú̿гںͬ“+”ۻȷ

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úƼͶԱʵIJߣúȫȲתúְҵȫͶʱ

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ߡú̿Ѻóֳ໯Ԫչģʽú̿ΪȼԭϲʵָԽչú̿ЧȡʷԳɾ͡

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ˡҹú̿óǿʲҵƽرǵʮ˴“һһ·”Ϊú̿ҵȫλʾǰδеʷԻ

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ʮ˴“һһ·”ƽʵʩΪҹú̿ҵȫλչʺǰδе»ú̿ҵƽҪúԴʹҵϵ

šҹú̿ơģʽϴƣγ˽Ϊơйɫú̿ƺͷɷϵ

й֮ҹԴҵչ̶ȽϵͣͳһԴҵżȼϹҵרŹú̿úֺܾ̿֡1955꣬񾭼õõٻָԴӣʯ͡ú̿Ѹ׳ȼϹҵֲú̿ҵҵʯ͹ҵú̿ҵһרҵרŵһš1970꣬ú̿ҵú̿ʯ͡һȼϻѧҵͬ6£ԭú̿ҵط˫쵼ú̿ҵ·ŵط1975곷ȼϻѧҵ³ú̿ҵ1980ԴίԱᣬʯ͡ú̿ţ1982ֳ1988꣬ú̿ҵ齨ԴͳܹԴҵ1993Դ齨ú̿ҵ1998꣬ú̿ҵú̿ҵɹҾóί͹ҷչƻί2008꣬ԭҷίԴ֡Դ쵼Сԭƹίĺ˵ְܺϲԴ֣ɹҷչĸί2013꣬ԭԭԴΪڵĹԴ֣ͳһʹú̿Դսԡ滮ƶְܡ

й֮ҹú̿ϵ㡣ú̿ҵķչ׳ú̿ϵ𲽽1996꡶ų́̿2011귢ҹһϵͳġú̿ҵߡĿǰҹѾγԡú̿ɽȫȫԴԴ˰Ϊú̿ɷϵ

ʮúɲְʺͿҸָߣú˲Ŷ顢ҵĻгﵽ¸߶ȡ

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й֮;ʮҹú80%Ͼסڼ׵ﻧú̿ҵĿٷչְۺʺͼߡӣúﻧȡýϴչְʺĻµߣغгﵽˮƽ1998ú̿ҵйú̿ҵЭͬԴᱣϲѡú̿ҵͶģһͶ»ߣչ“Ѱ‘жй’Ŀ”“Ѱ๤”ϵлһչʱú˵ķɡú̿ҵھٰйúڡ“ڽ”“ڽ”“ʯٽھ”ϵԼȫḻ˿Ļú̿ҵ󹤾òõгȡ³ɾ͡

70귢չ·ƣ70귢չԻ͡չδҹú̿ҵչǰʮֹڵĸ߶ȹעʹ֧£ڽ൱ʱú̿ԽԴɿԡ۸ԺõĿɽྻΪҹԴú̿ҵҹҵڵļǿ쵼£ҹú̿ҵҪԵʮŴϰƽʱйɫ˼Ϊָֿѧչι¡ЭɫšķչѭԴչ“ĸһ”ս˼룬ƽú̿Чãƶú̿ҵչ̼ȫЧִú̿ҵϵƶ̨̬ףΪҹΪǿгִǿ¹

(һΪԴе紫ýԴ鱨ооԱڶΪйԺԺʿйҵѧڣ

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